Cover photo

Vitalik On Ethereum L2 Subcultures

Buterin emphasizes that L2s significantly contribute to cultural pluralism, which he views as highly beneficial.

Quick Take

  • Vitalik outlines Ethereum subcultures.

  • Polygon integrates Succinct’s SP1 zkVM.

  • Tim Beiko proposes ACD improvements.

  • OP Stack supports custom gas tokens.

This episode is sponsored by Harpie!

Harpie is an onchain security solution that protects your wallet from theft in realtime. Harpie helps you detect and block suspicious transactions before they execute, safeguarding your assets from malicious attacks and scams. Try Harpie for free at

Vitalik On Ethereum L2 Subcultures

Ethereum creator, Vitalik Buterin, outlined the relationship between technology and culture within the Ethereum ecosystem. He highlighted three primary subcultures in Ethereum: Cypherpunks, who are dedicated to privacy and open-source development; Regens, who are actively involved in governance experiments and promoting public goods; and Degens, who are primarily motivated by speculation and financial gains. Buterin emphasizes that L2s significantly contribute to cultural pluralism, which he views as highly beneficial for Ethereum. L2s provide platforms for subcultures to thrive, enabling new contributors to gain recognition and succeed based on their performance. Buterin concludes that Ethereum's ongoing success relies on technological innovations and its ability to expand cultural diversity.

Polygon Integrates SP1 zkVM

Polygon announced plans to use Succinct Processor 1 (SP1), a general-purpose zkVM, for generating pessimistic proofs on the Agglayer. Designed by Polygon, pessimistic proofs are a new type of ZKP that prevents any single chain from compromising the security of the entire Agglayer. The integration will enable secure, cross-chain transactions across chains on the Agglayer. SP1 supports the development of ZKPs using Rust, enhancing code maintainability, auditability, and adaptability. SP1 is built on Polygon's Plonky3 proving system. Pessimistic proofs, SP1, and Plonky3, are released under an open-source license. Succinct plans to release a production-ready version of SP1 next month.

Ethereum Upgrade Process Improvements

Ethereum core developer Tim Beiko proposed process enhancements to streamline Ethereum network upgrades. For AllCoreDevs (ACD) calls, Beiko recommends introducing review requests to the agenda, requiring core teams to review EIPs asynchronously before calls. He also proposed standardizing breakout rooms with a template. To refine the Network Upgrade Process, Beiko introduced the "Proposed for Inclusion" (PFI) status and suggested renaming the current inclusion list to "Scheduled for Inclusion" (SFI) to provide more clarity on the status of EIPs during upgrades. For the Ethereum Magicians forum, Beiko proposes to onboard new administrators to enhance forum management, revamp forum categories, and improve communication about breakout rooms.

OP Stack Supports Custom Gas Tokens

The OP Stack now supports custom gas tokens across L2 and L3 chain deployments. Chain operators now have the flexibility to select any ERC-20 token as the native gas token for their networks. Operators can also sponsor transactions, enabling users to make transactions without requiring them to have the native asset of the chain to cover fees. The new feature is currently in a mainnet beta release.

Other News

ETH Daily logo
Subscribe to ETH Daily and never miss a post.